Church and State

Acheson, Thomas Houston - Why Covenanters Do Not Vote (1912)

In this brief article, Acheson gives six reasons that are NOT the reason why Covenanters do not vote; his six-fold reason why Covenanters do not vote; and the response to twelve objections to the Covenanter position.

- Why Covenanters Do Not Vote, Pt. 2 (1912)

Adams, William - Christianity and Civil Government: A Discourse (1851)

Aiken, Samuel Clark - An Address, Delivered in Utica, Before the Sunday School Societies, on the Fifty-First Anniversary of American Independence (1827)

Aikman, William - The Future of the Colored Race in America (1862)

Anderson, Samuel James Pierce - The Dangers and Duties of the Present Crisis! A Discourse (1861)

Annan, Robert - Observations on Capital Punishments (1788)

Armstrong, George Dodd - The Christian Doctrine of Slavery (1857)
                                                       - A Discussion on Slaveholding (1858)

Atwater, Lyman Hotchkiss - Religion and Politics (1880)

Bacon, Leonard Woolsey - A Crime Against Society (1880)
- The Sabbath Question (1882)
- Lessons From the Riot in Cincinnati (1884)
- The Services of Leonard Bacon to African Colonization (1900)
- Anti-Slavery Before Garrison (1903)
- Four Lost Legacies of the Early New England Civil Polity (1906)

Baird, Samuel John - Southern Rights and Northern Duties in the Present Crisis (1861)

Balch, Hezekiah James - Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence (1775, 1902)

Barrows, Elijah Porter - A View of the American Slavery Question (1836)

Blackburn, William Maxwell - The Lord's Day, and the Labourer's Right to Rest (1860)

Bourne, George - Address to the Presbyterian Church, Enforcing the Duty of Excluding All Slaveholders from the "Communion of Saints" (1833)
                                   - Picture of Slavery in the United States of America (1834)
                                   - Man-Stealing and Slavery Denounced by the Presbyterian and Methodist Churches (1834)
                                   - Slavery Illustrated in Its Effects Upon Woman and Domestic Society (1837)
                                   - A Condensed Anti-Slavery Bible Argument (1845)

Breckinridge, Robert Jefferson - Discussion on American Slavery Between George Thompson and Robert J. Breckinridge (1836)
- Hints on Slavery (1843)
                                                                  - Our Country: Its Peril and Its Deliverance (1861)
                                                                  - The Civil War: Its Nature and End (1861)
                                                                  - Two Speeches on the State of the Country (1862)
- The Divine Origin and Supremacy of Civil Government (1864) 

Breed, William Pratt - Jenny Geddes, or, Presbyterianism and Its Great Conflict With Despotism (1869)
                                            - Presbyterianism, and Its Services in the Revolution of 1776 (1875)
                                            - Presbyterians and the Revolution (1876)

Brevard, Ephraim - Mecklenburg, or Charlotte Town, Resolves (1775)

Brown, Isaac Van ArsdaleSlavery Irreconcilable With Christianity and Sound Reason; or, An Anti-Slavery Argument (1858)
                                                      - White Diamonds Better Than "Black Diamonds"; Slave States Impoverished by Slave Labor (1860)

Brownlee, William Craig - A Dissertation on the Nature, Obligations, and Form of a Civil Oath (1825)

Bryan, Sr., William Jennings - The First Battle: A Story of the Campaign of 1896 (1896)
- The Second Battle, or, The New Declaration of Independence, 1776-1900: An Account of the Struggle of 1900 (1900)
- “The Causeless War” and Its Lessons For Us (1915)
- “The War in Europe” and Its Lessons For Us (1915)

Caldwell, Sr., David Stewart - The Character and Doom of the Sluggard (1776, 1842)

Catto, William Thomas - Overview of a Brief Speech Denouncing African Colonization (1862)

Coleman, James Melville - Social Ethics: An Introduction to the Nature and Ethics of the State (1903)

Cornish, Samuel Eli and Wright, Theodore Sedgwick - The Colonization Scheme Considered (1840)

Craighead, Alexander - Renewal of the Covenants, National and Solemn League (1748)

Craven, Elijah Richardson - The Religious Defect of the Constitution of the United States (1868)

Cummings, Charles - Fincastle Resolutions (1775, 1900)

Dabney, Robert Lewis - A Defense of Virginia, and Through Her, of the South (1867)

Davies, Samuel - Religion and Patriotism: The Constituents of a Good Soldier (1756)
- Religion and Public Spirit: A Valedictory Address to the Senior Class, Delivered in Nassau-Hall, September 21, 1760 (1762)

Duffield, II, George - Who Should Be Our Rulers? (1787, 1861)

Duffield, IV, GeorgeA Sermon on American Slavery: Its Nature, and the Duties of Christians in Relation to It (1840)

Duffield, V, GeorgeCourage in a Good Cause; or, The Lawful and Courageous Use of the Sword: A Sermon (1861)

Edwards, Jonathan - Address of Dr. Edwards to the National Convention to Secure the Religious Amendment of the Constitution of the United States (1872)

Ely, Ezra Stiles - The Duty of Christian Freemen to Elect Christian Rulers (1828)

Foster, Finley Milligan - What Voting Under an Unchristian Constitution Involves (n.d.)

Garnet, Henry Highland - Speech Praising the Charity of Women Working to Abolish Slavery (1838)
- Speech of Henry H. Garnet Before the American Anti-Slavery Society (1840)
- Speech in Support of the Liberty Party of Massachusetts (1842)
- Address to the Slaves of the U.S. (1843, 1848)
- Speech Regarding the Oppression of Slavery (1845)
- Speech Regarding the Silent Sanctioning of Slavery by the North (1847)
- Speech Calling For an End to Slavery (1847)
- Speech in England Regarding the Suffering of American Slaves (1850)
- Speech in England Encouraging the Consumption of Free-Labour Products (1850)
- Speech Expressing Thanks for Kindness Received in England and Germany (1850)
- Plea For the Bondsman (1850)
- Speech in England on Slave Labour Products (1850)
- Speech in Scotland Regarding the Fugitive Slave Law (1850)
- Brief Speech on the Fugitive Slave Law (1851)
- Speech in Belfast Against the Fugitive Slave Law (1851)
- Brief Speech Outlining the Conditions of Slavery (1851)
- Speech Denouncing the Fugitive Slave Law (1851)
- Speech Regarding the Negative Impact of American Slavery (1851)
- Speech Opposing the Fugitive Slave Law and the Participation of the Church in Support of Slavery (1851)
- Speech in England Condemning American Slavery (1851)
- The Sham Freedom of America (1851)
- 1859 Speech Supporting African Colonization (1859)
- Speech Regarding the Participation of the Church in Slavery (1859)
- Speech on the Death of John Brown (1859)
- Speech in Support of the African Civilization Society (1860)
- Speech in Support of the African Aid Society (1861)
- Speech Rejoicing that Slavery Was No Longer National, But Sectional (1862)
- Speech Celebrating the End of Slavery in Washington, DC (1862)
- Speech on Violence Against Free Persons of Color (1862)
- Speech Regarding the Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
- Speech Encouraging African American Men in New York to Enlist in the Army (1863)
- Speech in Support of Equal Rights in the Military (1863)
- Speech Defending the African Civilization Society (1864)
- Speech Celebrating the Emancipation of Maryland (1864)
- A Memorial Discourse in the Hall of Representatives (1865)
- Equal Suffrage: Address From the Colored Citizens of Norfolk, VA., to the People of the United States (1865)

Girardeau, John LafayetteConscience and Civil Government: An Oration (1860)
- Confederate Memorial Day Address (1871)

Gloucester, James Newton - Brief Speech Expressing Optimism About the Coming End of Slavery (1862)

Graham, William - Address to the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia (1785, 1850)
- A Declaration of Rights, also, The [Proposed] Constitution or Form of Government, Agreed to, and Resolved upon, by the Representatives of the Freemen of the State of Frankland (1786, 1896)

Green, Jacob - Observations, on the Reconciliation of Great-Britain, and the Colonies (1776)

Gurley, Ralph Randolph - Address of the Managers of the American Colonization Society to the People of the United States (1832)
- Address at the Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania Colonization Society (1839)
- Mission to England, in Behalf of the American Colonization Society (1841)

Hays, George Price - The Individual Life of the Nation (1874)

Herring, Amos - The Independent Republic of Liberia; Its Constitution and Declaration of Independence; Address of the Colonists to the Free People of Color in the United States (1848)
- Information About Going to Liberia: With Things Which Every Emigrant Ought to Know (1852)

Hodge, Archibald Alexander - Address Concerning a Religious Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1874)

Hodge, Charles - Slavery (1836)
- Essay on Abolitionism (1844)
- The Fugitive Slave Law (1860, 1969)
- The Bible Argument on Slavery (1860, 1969)

Hopkins, Erastus - The Objections to African Colonization Stated and Answered (1833)

Johnston, Nathan Robinson - “Political Dissent” (1892)

Junkin, George - The Integrity of Our National Union vs. Abolitionism; An Argument From the Bible, in Proof of the Position That Believing Masters Ought to be Honored and Obeyed by Their Own Servants, Not Excommunicated From, the Church of God (1843)
                                 - Political Fallacies: An Examination of the False Assumptions, and Refutation of the Sophistical Reasonings, Which Have Brought On This Civil War (1863)

Kerr, David Reynolds - Moral Responsibility of Nations (1874)

Keteltas, AbrahamGod Arising and Pleading His People's Cause; or, The American War in Favor of Liberty, Against the Measures of Great Britain, Shewn to be the Cause of God: In a Sermon (1777)

Knapp, Jr., Shepherd - Christianity and War: A Sermon (1917)
- The War’s Need of Christ: A Palm Sunday Sermon (1917)

Krebs, John Michael - The American Citizen: A Discourse on the Nature and Extent of Our Religious Subject to the Government Under Which We Live: Including an Inquiry Into the Scriptural Authority of that Provision of the Constitution, Which Requires the Surrender of Fugitive Slaves (1851)

Loetscher, Sr., Frederick William - Church and State in the Light of the Reformed Faith (1942)

Lord, John Chase - Lectures on the Progress of Civilization and Government, and Other Subjects (1851)
- “The Higher Law” in Its Application to the Fugitive Slave Bill: A Sermon on the Duties Men Owe to God and to Governments (1851)
- The Justice of Our National Cause, and the Momentous Issues For Our Nation, the Church and the World, Which are Involved in the Result of the Present Civil War: A Sermon (1861)
- “The Throne of Iniquity”: The Moral Contrasts Developed by the Existing War, in its Origin, Objects and Prosecution - A Discourse (1864)

Lyon, James Adair - A Lecture on Christianity and the Civil Laws (1859)

Martyn, William Carlos - Christian Citizenship: A Manual (1897)

McAllister, David - The Aims and Methods of the Movement to Secure the Religious Amendment of the Constitution of the United States (1872)
- The Religious Amendment Movement Just, Reasonable, and Necessary (1873)
- Testimonies to the Religious Defect of the Constitution (1874)

McFeeters, James Calvin - “Crown Him” (1884)

McGill, Alexander Taggart - Patriotism, Philanthropy, and Religion: An Address (1877)

McIlvaine, Joshua Hall - "A Nation's Right to Worship God" (1859)

McLeod, Alexander - Negro Slavery Unjustifiable (1802)
                                          - A Scriptural View of the Character, Causes, and Ends of the Present War (1815)

McNish, George and Hampton, John - Petition to Take Dissenting Oath (1705-1706, 1838)

Miller, Arnold De Welles - The Presbyterian Origin of American Independence (1888)

Miller, Samuel - A Sermon, Delivered in the New Presbyterian Church, New-York, July Fourth, 1795, Being the Nineteenth Anniversary of the Independence of America (1795)
- Christianity the Grand Source and Surest Basis for Political Liberty (1793)
                                - A Discourse Delivered April 12, 1797, at the Request of and Before the New-York Society For Promoting the Manumission of Slaves, and Protecting Such of Them as Have Been or May Be Liberated (1797)

Nevin, Edwin Henry - The Religion of Christ at War With American Slavery; or, Reasons for Separating from the Presbyterian Church (O.S.) (1849)

Newell, John"The Higher Law," in its Application to the Fugitive Slave Bill: Review of Dr. John C. Lord's Sermon, on the Duties Men Owe to God and to Governments (1851)

Palmer, Benjamin Morgan - A Vindication of Secession and the South (1861)
- The Oath of Allegiance to the United States Discussed in its Moral and Political Bearings (1863)
- The Ancient Hebrew Polity (1898)

Parker, JoelThe Discussion Between Rev. Joel Parker, and Rev. A. Rood, on the Question "What are the Evils Inseparable From Slavery?" (1852)

Pennington, James William Charles - An Address Delivered at Newark, N.J. at the First Anniversary of West India Emancipation (1839)
- Speech Regarding African Colonization (1843)
- Speech in England Regarding Suffrage (1843)
- Speech Protesting British Idea For Africans to Immigrate to the West Indies (1843)
- Speech Given Before the Leeds Anti-Slavery Society in England (1843)
- Speech Celebrating the Anniversary of British West Indies Emancipation (1843)
- Speech Contrasting the Doctrines of Christianity and the Doctrines of War (1843)
- Speech Regarding Prejudice Among Christian Churches (1843)
- Speech Regarding the Impact of Slavery on Universal Peace (1844)
- Speech Regarding the Intent of the African Colonization Society (1849)
- Brief Speech Regarding Peace (1849)
- Speech in Edinburgh Regarding the Injustice of American Slavery (1850)
- Speech Regarding Contentment Among Slaves (1850)
- Speech in England Encouraging Consumption of Free-Labour Products (1850)
- Speech Regarding the Fugitive Slave Law (1851)
- Speech Opposing the African Colonization Society (1852)
- The Reasonableness of the Abolition of Slavery at the South, a Legitimate Inference From the Success of British Emancipation: An Address (1856)
- New England Compared with Old England on the Question of Human Rights (1859)
- Speech Given in Montreal Refuting the Claim that Slaves Were Content in Bondage (1862)
- The Position and Duties of the Colored People (1864)

Pinney, John Brooke - Speech of Mr. Pinney at the Young Men’s Colonization Society of the City of New York (1836)
- Speech of Mr. Pinney at the Young Men’s Colonization Society of Pennsylvania (1837)

Pritchard, John Wagner - Soldiers of the Church: The Story of What the Reformed Presbyterians (Covenanter) of North America, Canada, and the British Isles, Did to Win the World War of 1914-1918 (1919)

Reed, Richard Clark - The Relation of Church and State (n.d.)

Rice, David - A Kentucky Protest Against Slavery: Slavery Inconsistent with Justice and Good Policy (1812)

Rice, John Holt - Thoughts on Slavery (1819)

Rice, Nathan Lewis - Lectures on Slavery, Delivered in the First Presbyterian Church, Cincinnati (1845)
- A Debate on Slavery (1846)
- Ten Letters on the Subject of Slavery (1856)
- Lectures on Slavery: Delivered in the North Presbyterian Church, Chicago (1860)
- Our Country and the Church (1861)
- The Pulpit: Its Relation to Our National Crisis. A Sermon (1862)

Robinson, JohnThe Testimony and Practice of the Presbyterian Church in Reference to American Slavery (1852)

Robinson, Stuart - Slavery, as Recognized in the Mosaic Civil Law (1865)
                                     - Letter to President Lincoln (1865)

Ruffner, Henry - Address to the People of West Virginia; Shewing That Slavery is Injurious to the Public Welfare, and That It May Be Gradually Abolished, Without Detriment to the Rights and Interests of Slaveholders (1847)
- Union Speech; Delivered at Kanawha Salines, V.A., on the Fourth of July, 1856 (1856)

Schaff, Philip - America: A Sketch of the Political, Social, and Religious Character of the United States of North America (1855)
- Slavery and the Bible: A Tract For the Times (1861)
- Church and State in the United States: The American Idea of Religious Liberty and Its Practical Effects (1888)

Scovel, Sylvester Fithian - Natural Morals and the Ten Commandments (1874)
- Presbyterianism in Relation to Civil and Religious Liberty (1880)

Shankland, William and Davis, Sr., Samuel - Address of Loyalty from Somerset County Inhabitants to William and Mary (1689, 1890)

Skinner, Jr., Thomas Harvey - Christianity and the State: A Sermon (1873)

Skinner, Sr., Thomas Harvey - Religion and Liberty: A Discourse (1841)
- Love of Country: A Discourse (1851)

Smith, John Blair - Memorial Petition to the Virginia General Assembly (1784, 1850)
- Memorial Petition to the Virginia General Assembly (1784, 1850)
- Memorial Petition to the Virginia General Assembly (1784, 1856)

Sommerville, William - Southern Slavery Not Founded on Scripture Warrant (1864)

Speer, William - An Humble Plea, Addressed to the Legislature of California, in Behalf of the Immigrants From the Empire of China to This State (1856)

Spencer, Ichabod Smith - Fugitive Slave Law: The Religious Duty of Obedience to Law (1850)

Sprague, William Buell - The Claims of Past and Future Generations on Civil Rulers: A Sermon, Preached at the Annual Election (1825)
- Religious Celebration of Independence: A Discourse Delivered at Northampton, on the Fourth of July, 1827 (1827)

Stanton, Robert Lodowick - Ungodly Nations Doomed: A Discourse Preached on the Occasion of the Annual Thanksgiving, November 29, 1849, Recommended by the Governor of Louisiana (1849)
- Civil Government of God, Obedience a Duty: A Discourse Upon the Duties of the Christian Citizen, Under What is Termed the Present National Crisis (1860)
- The Church and the Rebellion: A Consideration of the Rebellion Against the Government of the United States; and the Agency of the Church, North and South, In Relation Thereto (1864)

Stevenson, Thomas Patton - The Origin and Progress of the Movement to Secure the Religious Amendment of the Constitution of the United States (1872)
- The Legal Effect and Practical Value of the Proposed Amendment (1872)
- History of the Movement to Secure the Religious Amendment of the Constitution of the United States (1873)

Stobo, Archibald - Affidavit of William Screven and Archibald Stobo (1706)

Strong, William - Call For a National Convention (1872)
- Two Lectures Upon the Relations of Civil Law to Church Polity, Discipline, and Property (1875)

Tennent, Gilbert - Defensive War Defended (1748)

Todd, Sr., John - Memorial of the Presbytery of Hanover to the General Assembly of Virginia (1776)
- Address of the Virginia Presbyterian Church to the General Assembly of Virginia (1785)

Van Dyke, Jr., Henry Jackson - Pro Patria: The Spirit of America Fighting For Peace (1921)

Van Dyke, Sr., Henry Jackson - The Character and Influence of Abolitionism (1860)

Whitaker, Nathaniel - An Antidote Against Toryism, or the Curse of Meroz (1777)

Wilson, William - The Great American Question, Democracy vs. Doulocracy: or, Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men & Free Speech, Against the Extension and Domination of the Slaveholding Interest (1848)
- The Cause of the United States Against the Rebel Conspiracy, and the Cause of Jehovah, Identical (1861)
- The Curse of Meroz: or, The Curse of the Neutral or Hostile Toward the Complete Extirpation of the Great American Rebellion, Together With Slavery, Which Is Its Cause and Source, of Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-One and Sixty-Two: A Sermon (1862)

Willson, James McLeod - Bible Magistracy; or, Christ's Dominion Over the Nations (1842)
                                                   - Civil Government: An Exposition of Romans 13:1-7 (1853)

Willson, James Renwick - The Subjection of Kings and Nations to Messiah (1820)
- Dialogue on Messiah’s Headship Over the Nations (1823)
                                                   - The Sabbath: A Discourse on the Duty of Civil Government, in Relation to the Sanctification of the Lord's Day (1829)
- Juries (1832)
                                                    - Prince Messiah's Claims to Dominion over all Governments; and the Disregard of his Authority by the United States, in the Federal Constitution (1832)
                                                    - An Address on West India Emancipation (1838) 
- The Written Law (1838)      
- The Monstrous Government of Slavery (1850) 
- The Fugitive Slave Law (1851)                     

Wisner, William - Elements of Civil Liberty, or, The Way to Maintain Free Institutions (1853)

Wright, Theodore SedgwickBrief Speech Addressing the Cruelties and Injustices of Slavery (1836)
                                                            - Speech Regarding Equal Opportunities for Both Black and White Races, the Cruelties of Slavery, and the Need for Christian Interaction in Race Relations (1836)
                                                            - Speech Given in Response to a Resolution Regarding the "Right of Free Discussion" Which was Being Threatened by Legislation (1836)
                                                           - Speech Regarding the Negative Effects of Prejudice on People of All Races in Terms of Self-Esteem Issues, and Educational and Moral Advancement (1837)
                                                           - Speech Given Before the Convention of the New York Anti-Slavery Society on the Acceptance of Their Annual Report with an Emphasis on the Tragedies and Injustices of Slavery (1837)
                                                           - Speech Made in Support of a Resolution that all Civil Liberties (including Religious, Literary, and Social Liberty) Should be Made Available to All Persons Regardless of Race (1837)
                                                           - Speech Given Before the New York State Anti-Slavery Society on the Acceptance and Adoption of the Annual Report with Emphasis Placed on the Efforts Toward Emancipation that the Society had Accomplished Since its Inception (1837)
                                                           - Speech Given During the Dedication of the First Free Church of Schenectady Celebrating the Establishment of a Place of Worship and a Small Basement School for Free People of Color in that City (1837)
                                                           - Speech Against the Idea of the Colonization of Africa by Freed Slaves and the Societies that have been Organized to Promote it (1838)
                                                           - The Colonization Scheme Considered (1840)

Wylie, Richard Cameron - Sabbath Laws in the United States (1905)
                                                     - Collapse of Christless Civilizations (1918)

Wylie, Samuel Brown - The Two Sons of Oil; or, The Faithful Witness for Magistracy and Ministry (1803)